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Vietnam is a state in Southeast Asia. It borders with China to the north, Laos and Cambodia to the west, its eastern and southern shores are on the South China Seas.

A short stretch of southern Vietnam looks across the Gulf of Siam.

Population of Vietnam

The population of Vietnam is about 80,000,000 inhabitants and is mainly comprised of young people aged under 35.

Languages spoken

The region is populated mainly by Vietnamese speakers (89%), and there is also a healthy Chinese presence (16%), with a minority of other ethnic groups, living mainly in the mountains.

The region in depth

The country comprises 8 regions, 59 provinces and 5 municipalities: Hà Noi, Hai Phòng, Can Tho, Dà nang and Ho Chí Minh.

Most urban settlements are in Southern Vietnam. Of the major cities, only the capital Hà Noi is not on the coast.

Ho Chì Minh, formerly Sai Gon, is the largest Vietnamese city and is located on the west bank of the River Saigon.
This historic metropolis was Indochina’s most prestigious political centre during the French colonial period, and today it is an important trade centre with 6,000,000 inhabitants, therefore the most densely populated city in Vietnam.

The gross national product is about 3,000 $ pro capite.

After 1986, Vietnam sought to convert its prevalently agricultural economy by opening to overseas markets, and this opening has driven an industry showing great potential.
The economic growth rate in recent years exceeds 8%, now thanks to the workforce and a lively trade culture, so Vietnam is one of the country’s with the best prospects of economic growth in the next decade.
The main resources comprise: carbon, anthracite, copper, tin, zinc, iron and chromo, as well as natural gas and crude oil.


Map of Vietnam

  Area: 331.689 kmē
Population: 82.689.518
Capital: Hanoi
Languages spoken: Vietnamita
Currency: dong (VND)
Legal time: GMT +7
International dialling. : 0084 (+84)
Geography and climate

The country has a monsoon-type climate, with average humidity in excess of 80%, and temperatures oscillating between 7°C and 35°C. The rainy season is always preceded by oppressive heat. Annual average rainfall is between 1500mm and 3000mm.

In Vietnam, following its reunification, education is compulsory and free.
Ho Chì Minh, Ha Noi are Buon Me Thuot the leading universities; 94% of the adult population is now literate.
Vietnamese cuisine is very simple and delicate, influenced by the other countries, including China, India and France.
The staple dish is rice, accompanied by meat, fish and vegetables; often food is served with a sauce made from fish fermented in salt.
The majority of the Vietnamese population is Buddhist, with some Catholics as well as traces of Confucianism and Taoism.
Apart from major religions there are also some lesser cults of Chinese origin.
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